Sunday, January 12, 2020

Baku-Tblisi-Ceyhan Pipeline and the Kurdish Issue

Baku-Tblisi-Ceyhan Pipeline and the Kurdish Issue The Baku-Tblisi-Ceyhan (BTC) oil pipeline links the Caspian sea to the Eastern Mediterranean, it runs 1, 768 km long and is the second longest oil pipeline in the former Soviet Union, extending through the former Soviet republics of Azerbaijan and Georgia, as well as Turkey. At its capacity it can pump up to 1 million barrels (160,00 m3) of oil per day. The construction of the pipeline was a massive undertaking costing upwards of US$3. 9 billion.This considered the pipeline was funded 70% by third parties (dominated by British Petroleum). Even well before it’s completion the BTC pipeline has had a remarkable effect on the world’s oil politics; some critics have gone as far to argue that it has directly affected the geopolitics of the Palestinian conflict. One can clearly see the important monetary reasons to this pipeline, however what will be dealt with more in this essay will be it’s contributions to world polit ics and the controversies that surround it.The BTC pipeline is nothing short of an engineering feat, extending almost exactly 1, 768 km across extremely difficult terrain and diverse climatic and geological zones; techniques and chemical coatings which may have worked perfect for one region had to be changed for others. What sets the BTC pipeline apart though is how this ambitious undertaking affects the myriad communities and millions of citizens, making the pipeline not only an economic undertaking but also a socio-political issue.The South Caucasus, formerly an underappreciated region of Russia, is now of extreme strategic significance; the US along with many other Western powers have vested interests in the affairs of these three nations through which the pipeline runs. The BTC pipeline bypasses the territory of the Russian Federation. It transits through the former Soviet republics of Azerbaijan and Georgia, both of which have become US â€Å"protectorates†, firmly integ rated into a military alliance with the US and NATO. It goes without saying that the pipeline is all about the oil, but it is equally about the social and civic development of the participating countries.In order to properly discuss the social and environmental issues of the BTC project, one must first have an adequate frame of reference from which the project can be judged. There are many principles which one can use including those outlined by the World Bank. However for the purposes of this paper, the Equator Principles will be used. The EPs are a set of principles – outlined by Citigroup, ABN AMRO, Barclays and WestLB – are a voluntary set of principles for determining social and environmental risk in project financing.The Principles, adopted by seventeen leading private banks, specify that said Banks would only provide loans to projects, which meet a number of conditions. These conditions include that projects comply with the International Finance Corporation (IFC ) policies, that they follow the host country laws, among other specific requirements. A review in 2003 examined the BTC pipeline; this paper will examine the Turkish section of this review (while many of the same systemic failures were found just as well in Azerbaijan and Georgia).Based on a rigorous study of the BTC project documents, and also on two international FACT finding Missions to the pipeline route, this review found that BTC project is in breach of five EP-referenced IFC standards on 127 accounts. These sections include: 53 counts in Environmental Assessment; 7 counts in Natural Habitats; 30 counts in Indigenous Peoples; 28 counts in Involuntary Resettlement; 9 counts in Cultural Property The study also found that the project was in breach of international standards such as World Bank standards, European Union Directive on Environmental Impact Assessment, European Bank of Reconstruction & Development.This would be a massive undertaking to properly examine all of the claims made against the BTC project, so focus will instead be put in three areas: Natural Habitats, Indigenous Peoples, and Involuntary resettlement. In doing so this paper will examine the example given by the Kurdish community of Turkey. The Kurds are an example of a nation without a state; they are an ethno-linguistic group without any central state. They comprise 18% of the Turkish population (an estimated 14 million).When establishing the pipeline, Turkey strategically rerouted the pipeline away from the heavily Kurdish areas and the South-East; that being said much of the pipeline still runs through areas that require heavily armed guarding. When looking at the EP section Impacts and indigenous peoples and communities (chapter 8), the project scored a non-compliance stating that â€Å"the impacts on indigenous peoples and ethnic minorities not considered at all (notably the Kurds)†. The Kurds, an ethnic minority of the region, can apply for OD 4. 0 (Indigenous Peoples r ights, section 8. 3), however when BTC co. overlooked this to speed the construction process along they broke not only the Equator principles but also the World Bank principles. Specifically the BTC project has failed to ensure that the Kurds benefited from this project, and failed to ensure that the Kurds were adequately informed about the project prior to it’s completion. Also the project did not even attempt to draw up an ethnic minorities’ development plan (which would include schooling funding among other social programs).Operational Directive 4. 30, Involuntary Resettlement, sets out the requirements for resettlement and adequate compensation for land acquisition. Fact-finding missions outlined in the EP document emergency powers had been used to override OD 4. 30. In many cases displacement occurred before compensation was complete, and when compensation was given the rates were too low. None of the communities were informed of their rights in regards to the lan d expropriation. Much of the criticism coming from the consultation process of the BTC co. s interesting however, because the project did put in place comprehensive public consultation and disclosure processes commencing in mid-2001 with a process of stakeholder identification and preliminary consultation during project scoping; information briefs and consultations with local authorities and local NGOs followed very shortly after this. On the IFC website, the claim is made that they were informed that the members of the Kurdish communities all were fluent in Turkish. As a result of this mistreatment of the Kurdish communities, which the pipeline passes through, many Kurdish militant groups have taken to sabotaging the pipeline.The Kurdish workers party (PKK) has publicly taken credit for much of this sabotage. However there was no mention of whether they adequately explain (in Turkish of Kurdish) their rights with regards to land expropriation. As a result one can see that BTC is ma king the bare minimum of effort required to the Kurdish communities; they claim that they are meeting with the members of the community and yet there still seems to be opposition with pipeline sabotage. Some have argued that this is just an attempt to discredit the Turkish state and bring attention to their nationalist causes in regards to Kurdistan. Regardless of hich, the BTC project has not adequately equipped these communities with the means to consult with these large firms. Much of the political tension arising from the pipeline is a direct result of the lack of environmental accountability. At 1 million barrels a day, the amount of CO2 produced in a year is equal to an entire power industry in the UK. The region of Turkey that the pipeline runs through historically is prone to major earthquakes, and there has not been adequate preparation for this. The BTC project is suffering these problems because of a complete disregard to these standards, but rather seemingly because of a rushed approach.Couple the Kurdish issue with the evident disregard for any form of environmental accountability along with many other problems found in the two ex-soviet countries not mentioned in this paper and the project is simply not sustainable. If adequate structures are not put in place to allow for public dissent, the BTC is doomed to continually suffer sabotage to their pipelines. This is perhaps not such a problem from the perspective of BP, who clearly can afford this expense; it is however an embarrassing light to be shone on Turkey. If for no other reason, Turkey should be pressing for changes in the BTC structure.

Saturday, January 4, 2020

Musical Elements Of The Vietnam War - 2142 Words

During the course of this analytical essay it can be shown that the two pieces, 8th November and (We’ll Be Singing Hallelujah) Marching through Berlin, express emotions that soldiers have felt during and after a war, through the use of musical elements. It can be established that the first song, 8th November reflects the Vietnam War, through the use of Dynamics, Pitch and Timbre. Similarly, the second piece evaluated and analysed, (We’ll Be Singing Hallelujah) Marching through Berlin also utilises the musical elements of Dynamics, Pitch and Timbre to reflect emotions and memories of past and present soldiers. The wars that these songs are about, the Vietnam War (occurring between the years 1955 and 1975, involving many countries including, South Vietnam, North Vietnam, U.S., United Kingdom and Australia.) And World War II (took place between the years 1939 and 1945, involving almost every country in the world.), can be clearly recognised throughout the style of the pie ce, lyrics and the musical elements found in the two songs. Expressive devices have been used throughout both songs to express emotions towards the wars of their era. During 8th November, dynamics are used extensively in 8th November. These emotions relate to the past and the present soldiers battling and their experiences during and after a war. A fair portion of this song has been performed in moderately loud1 (Mezzo-forte), however the record also has the additional, louder2 (Forte) dynamic for theShow MoreRelatedEssay on Woodstock1677 Words   |  7 Pagesyouth, united people of all ages, races, and sexes, and defined a generation, making it one of the most important musical events of all time. In order to understand the impact and importance of the Woodstock Festival one must first examine the society that preceded the 1960’s and set the stage so to speak for the events of the Woodstock Festival. The end of World War II brought thousands of young servicemen back to America to pick up their lives and start new families in new Read MoreAnalysis Of Bob Dylan s Masters Of War 1051 Words   |  5 Pages During the mid to late 1900’s, an anti-war movement emerged, which was largely based off of Americans protesting the unpopular Vietnam War of 1955-1975. The U.S. presented the Vietnam War as a war against communism, but people began to see the U.S.’s chances of winning as futile. Many disagreed with the violence and intrusion that came from the U.S. involving itself in the conflict between north and south Vietnam. Around the same time period, tensions were growing between the U.S. and the SovietRead MoreCambodia Rocks : The Struggle For Musical Experimentation1680 Words   |  7 PagesCambodia Rocks: The Struggle for Musical Experimentation Introduction In 1996, the New York City label Parallel World released a CD that introduced most Western listeners to a new world of music: Cambodia Rocks. This mixtape of songs performed by Khmer musicians and recorded in the 1960s and early 1970s fuses early garage and psychedelic rock from the West and traditional vocal techniques and lyrics from Cambodia. The musicians on the tracklist for this album, however, were initially anonymous,Read MoreTim OBriens The Things They Carried: An Analysis1542 Words   |  6 PagesCarried is a short story told in the form of a catalogue. OBriens title provides both an accurate description of how the story is organized mainly by lists, with the narrative seeming an almost accidental intrusion but also as a sort of recurrent musical refrain in the text itself. The title phrase is repeated at semi-regular intervals in the text, and encourages the reader to understand the catalogue of items as adding up to something larger than the mere objects described. It i s important to recognizeRead MoreThe period between early 1940s to mid-1960s or so, alternatively, the period between when the700 Words   |  3 Pagesalternatively, the period between when the musical Oklahoma! (1943) was produced till the time when Hair (1968) was produced, is usually referred to as the Golden Age of the American musical (Kantor, 2010). It is during this period, that most of the noted titles such as â€Å"Carousel†, â€Å"South Pacific† etc. were produced. 1940s and early 1950s were dominated thoroughly by MGM musicals, while the late 1950s and 1960s belonged to Broadway. Initially, the musicals of this era had simple plots, unchallengingRead MoreVietnam War As A Civic Duty And A True Testament915 Words   |  4 PagesVietnam In the 1960s, America found itself divided among various social matters. Conformity, civil rights, and the Vietnam war. While the older generations viewed fighting in the war as a civic duty and a true testament to what it meant to be an â€Å"American†, the counterculture did not share this belief. Regardless of how anyone felt about the war, it had escalated to epic proportions and as one citizen put it, â€Å"It was on our mind every single hour of the day† (PBS CITE). Vietnam was the first warRead MoreBob Dylan s Poem A Hard Rain s A Gon Na Fall1734 Words   |  7 Pagesthe summer of 1962, Dylan’s song conveys the predicaments of the society in the past and the present (Wikipedia). Issues related to faith, violence, exploitation and injustice of human are portrayed through the lyrics, allusions and the other musical elements of A Hard Rain’s A-Gonna Fall. Dylan depicts how religion supports the human’s faith through the allusions to god and religious facts in his lyrics. As a Christian, Dylan believes in god and refers to him as the â€Å"blue-eye son† (Dylan). ThusRead MoreCompare and Contrast Between Hair and Rent1826 Words   |  8 Pagescomedy, musicals. However, it is the sub-divisions within these major genres that evoke unique performances and experiences. One branch of the musical genre, the rock musical, is simply a theatrical work that contains rock music. The play’s story is told not only through spoken dialogue, but through songs as well. This type of musical has only emerged recently, roughly fifty years ago, with the opening of Hair. It was with this production that the rock musical became an important part of musical theatreRead MoreMusic s Influence On America1467 Words   |  6 Pages Intro Music Music’s Influence on America in the Last Century This class is my first opportunity at exploring music through a broad and historical lens. Certainly I’ve learned plenty of information about how music is composed and what elements go into creating the music we have today. However, my favorite part of the class was learning about the history of American music and how it influenced culture. One could argue that culture affected music first, or vice versa. In my opinion, there areRead MoreThe Song Bring Em Home 1743 Words   |  7 Pages The song â€Å"Bring ‘em Home† was a protest song about the Vietnam War. The song was written and performed by Pete Seeger. Pete Seeger was born in May 3, 1919. Since birth Pete Seeger had a musical orientated childhood. His parents were both involved with music in some way. His father majored in musicology and his mother was a concert violinist. Pete became interested with music in his teenage years. Seeger went on to the Harvard University but later dropped out. â€Å"Pete m et, traveled and performed with

Friday, December 27, 2019

Rising College Tuition - 1114 Words

Tuition on the Rise: A Cause of Turmoil Today colleges are growing more and more necessary for attaining a solid path towards a successful career, yet the rapidly increasing cost of tuition is driving students away from their dream of attending college, due to the preposterous amount of money that is now being demanded by colleges across the nation and world as a whole. It is sad to see students being turned away from a successful future due to the money-hungry nature of the universities that dot the globe. More and more impossible it is becoming to have a â€Å"rags-to-riches† scenario that used to highlight the American Dream, as if a student doesn’t have the riches to afford a higher education and the tuition that is drug upon its coattails, then our society is doomed to be clothed in rags forever, unless major changes are brought about to restructure and end the indefatigable growth of tuition rates across the board. The tuition increases have come in response to th e lack of federal funding to universities, leading them to find their own way to provide for their upkeep. â€Å"Recent increases in university tuition fees are part of a new entrepreneurial trend in higher education in which institutions are expected to generate more of their own revenue† (Quirke). The universities have decided that since they can no longer look towards federal funds to fuel their costs of maintenance and revenue, they must find a new route towards attaining much needed funds, and they have chosen toShow MoreRelatedThe Issue Of Rising College Tuition Essay1289 Words   |  6 Pagesa problem was an effective way for a group to decide upon a solution. Even though our group was unexperienced using the Standard Agenda, we were able to use each other’s strengths to improve the quality of our discussion about the issue of rising college tuition. Looking back to previous projects, I can see how our group has grown to better understand the methods of effecti ve group work. While there were both beneficial and impeding forces at work in the task and social processes, I feel that overallRead MoreRising College Tuition in America661 Words   |  3 PagesRising College Tuition in America â€Å"College Prices Soar Again!† â€Å"Budget Cuts Cause Even Higher Tuition!† â€Å"Higher Education Now Even Less Affordable† These are all statements that have been seen all over the media: newspapers, magazines, television, and radio. (3 SV: SV) Rising college tuition in America has been a problem for years. Many students drop out after a single year due to the pricey costs of tuition. The rapid rise can be attributed to many aspects of the economy, not just a single sourceRead MoreRising Cost Of College Tuition2509 Words   |  11 PagesPower, Privilege Rising Cost of College Tuition in the U.S The increasing cost of higher education in the United States has been a continuing topic for debate in recent decades. American society emphasizes the importance of education after high school, yet the cost of higher education and advanced degrees continually rises at a greater rate than inflation in the 1970’s. According to the Advisory Committee on Student Financial Assistance, cost factors prevent 48% of college-qualified high schoolRead MoreThe Rising Cost Of College Tuition855 Words   |  4 Pagesmoney through new technology platforms, and are the most educated generation of all time. Young adults are experience a higher level of poverty than any other age group. Young adults have been suffering greatly due to the rising cost of education and living. The cost of college tuition makes it even harder for them to achieve financial assistance. The amount of student loans debt in America is roughly around one point eight trillion dollars. Factors like the minimum wage also make it harder for youngRead MoreCollege Tuition And The Rising Cost Of Education Essay2116 Words   |  9 PagesCollege has been sold to the American people as the key to a better future. Complete the four-year degree program and watch oneself rise from the poverty of lower class to the white picket fence middle class dream. This may have been the case in the 1970’s, but college students today are facing over one trillion dollars in combined student loan debt (Denhart 3). In fact, the price of college has increased higher than any other good or service since 1978(Ivory Tower). With the cost of tuition skyrocketingRead MoreThe Rising Cost Of College Tuition976 Words   |  4 Pagesthe soaring cost of college tuition has angered many students and parents, leaving many wondering where they will come up with the funds to pay. While college is still a pretty sound investment for most career paths, the cost of an education has outpaced general inflation by almost double, leaving many families simply unable to shoulder the fiscal burden without incurring large amounts of debt. How did we get to where we are today? A big part of it has to do with how colleges themselves have changedRead MoreWhat are the Problems of Rising Cost in College Tuition?1323 Words   |  6 PagesWhat are the Problems of Rising Cost in College Tuition? College fee is the main factor that depends on which institution of higher learning that a student is likely to join unless awarded a scholarship. It directly depends on one’s financial capability. The poor afford the cheap and less desirable intuitions that they can be able to afford while the rich can get access to high class type of education. Policies exist that govern the ability of institutions increasing their fees and at the sameRead MoreThe Rising Cost Of College Tuition And Student Debt1221 Words   |  5 PagesThe rising cost of college tuition and student debt is a necessary evil. Many students will gladly undertake the burden of having debt in order to attain what they seek the most, a college degree. A college degree is a prestigious accomplishment; a testament to a student’s iron will. It stands as a symbolic achievement, carrying the hopes and dreams of the families who didn’t have the opportunity to continue their education. Even if the United S tates manages to implement free college tuition andRead More Fighting Rising College Tuition Costs Essay2245 Words   |  9 Pagesfinancial aid, or economy downfall: there are reasons all across the board as to why the cost of college tuition is getting out of hand. Envision a senior girl whose heart had been set on her dream college for years. An elite, honorable college where everyone seems to want to go. She has been telling her parents from an early age she was going to one day be a member. While on a visit to the college in late fall of her senior year, she fell in love with the beautiful campus which seemed to spreadRead MoreCollege Tuition Rising : I m Currently A Sophomore / Junior At Siue Essay1269 Words   |  6 PagesTaiAnn Williams Adam Cleary Eng 102 11.16.2015 College Tuition Rising I’m currently a sophomore/junior at SIUE and there’s thing that I just don’t understand why we take unnecessary classes or all this fees are a part of our tuition. Now my school is the lost in the state and schools like University of Illinois at Champaign-Urbana or Illinois State University there tuition is sky high and these are people choices of where people want to share their college experiences at but how when they can’t afford

Wednesday, December 18, 2019

What Does A Flag Represent - 2448 Words

What does a flag represent? The answer to that question is somewhat relative. A flag carries different meanings to different people and cultures. However, in many cultures, a nation’s flag will often be treated with a certain amount of respect by the inhabitants of that nation. In the U.S. there is a code that designates how the American flag should be treated, one entry stating that no flag, in a collection of flags, shall be flown higher than the U.S. flag (U.S. Code, 2007). It should be well known that treating a country’s flag with dishonor will likely not be received well by the country’s people. But what should happen if an incident occurred wherein the disrespect was unintentional? It would seem as though, when dealing with a country’s flag, there would be a certain amount of preparation and research before the release of the product. In this paper, I will provide a look into how Puma’s attempt to create a positive brand image went awry, expl ore the symbolic significance of this event, and explain how a lack of in-depth research and interaction with the audience played contributing roles in this â€Å"snafu,† outlining possible solutions and suggestions for the company in the process. In 2011, the United Arab Emirates was preparing to celebrate the country’s 40th National Day, an Emirati holiday celebrating the day that the country officially received its nationalization (UAE National Day, 2015). Puma, an internationally renowned apparel company, wanted to help the countryShow MoreRelatedTaking Down The Confederate Flag1577 Words   |  7 Pages 2015 FA1 Debate Draft Taking down the Confederate Flag The confederate flag, a topic that has been the center of controversy for many years now, is an emblem of southern pride and heritage to some, while to some it is purely a symbol of hate and racism. After the shootings in South Carolina, it is clear that the flag should be taken down. Since it represents white supremacy and inequality and not Southern pride. The confederate flag, one of the most controversial image of the American cultureRead MoreEthnography of the American Flag Essay720 Words   |  3 Pagesis a piece of square cloth with thirteen red and white lines and 50 stars that they place on a pole over their heads. They honor their flag in almost every aspect of their lives. They are placed at national shrines, cathedrals, outside homes and inside of every classroom. Every the morning in schools all across the nation children are required to pray to the flag and pledge their loyalty. In it is raised every morning outside the school and then taken down at the end of the day. A smaller versionRead More Patriotism and The American Flag Essay994 Words   |  4 PagesAmerican flag in today’s society. Some believe patriotism is simply the act of supporting the decisions of the leaders of the country. Others say, to be patriotic, people should be outspoken and voice their oppositions to what is going on in the government. Opin ions also differ on the idea of what the American flag represents. One opinion of the flags representation is that the flag represents our history, and the formerly mentioned idea of patriotism. Others believe the flag also represents our historyRead MoreTexas V. Johnson Congress Enacted The Flag Protection Act Of 1989 Essay1367 Words   |  6 PagesIn response to the decision made in Texas v. Johnson, Congress enacted the Flag Protection Act of 1989. The Act, this time focused not on simply prohibiting the desecration of a flag, but of protecting the entire physical integrity of a flag. The Act did, however allow for the proper disposal of old, torn, worn, or soiled flags. Congress did this with the purpose of removing language that the courts might find made the statute a statute that aimed to suppress certain kinds of expression. They alsoRead MoreThe Confederate Flag : A Negative Symbol Of American Society Since The 1800 S1316 Words   |  6 PagesThe Confederate flag has bee n a negative symbol in American society since the 1800’s. It has been only recently that the Confederate flag has been brought back to life as a contemporary issue. In recent times the flag has been used as a motivation for racial strikes and other rebellious acts bring the issues of the flag and the controversy behind it back to life. The major questions I seek to answer in this essay is why the controversy of the Confederate flag only been brought back up recently andRead MoreThe Battle Of The Confederate Battle Flag1367 Words   |  6 PagesAll the conflict the Confederate battle flag has raised in the past month elevates the question â€Å"should the flag stay up or be taken down.† Many states have already taken it down from official buildings. Other questions appear asking if the flag symbolizes racism or heritage. As said by Coulter â€Å"Think of all the actual people you know, Southern or Yankee. Have any of them ever expressed support for slavery? Ever, ever , ever? No they haven t† (Battle Over Flag).No one wants to see slavery come backRead MoreThe Confederate Flag And Its Controversy1335 Words   |  6 Pages In my paper I will be discussing the Confederate Flag and its controversy in history and in todays views. The Confederate flag has been a negative symbol in American society since the 1800’s. It has been only recently that the Confederate flag has been brought back to life as a contemporary issue. In recent times the flag has been used as a motivation for racial strikes and other rebellious acts bring the issues of the flag and the controversy behind it back to life. The major questions I seek toRead MoreA Reminder of the True Meaning of American Icons645 Words   |  3 Pagesharbor sea and the first thing they see is the Statue of Liberty. Do they see independence and liberty? Imagine the American flag blowing in the wind on a perfect spring morning. Do American’s see hope and freedom? Does our American patriotic icon’s still represent the same thing that they used to? Has commercialism and cultures lost the true meaning of what the American flag and the S tatue of Liberty stand for? Today’s society has lost the importance of respect towards these icons. The StatueRead MoreFlag Desecration Synthesis Essay1321 Words   |  6 PagesRoshelle Grinberg   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Due: December 3, 2010 Mr. Baldwin  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   E5X-09  Ã‚   That Flag Should Not Be Protected The United States is known for being ‘land of the free’, a nation with a Declaration of Independence, as well, as a Constitution protecting the rights of it’s citizens. Wars have been fought and many people have died so we could have the rights that present today. The freedomRead MoreThe Confederate Flag And The Flag1124 Words   |  5 PagesBy; Stefen Bellucci The Confederate flag started out as this good thing by symbolizing an American history that made us who we are today. The confederate flag was the flag that united the 11 confederate states. The 11 states were South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas, Kentucky and Missouri. While these 11 states might have been pro-slavery, it was their flag that united them and held them together. But now these days, the flag has been stained and a group of people

Tuesday, December 10, 2019

Accounting Theory Legal Accounting Context

Question: Describe about the Accounting Theory for Legal Accounting Context. Answer: Introduction With the due passage of time, there has been enhanced the level of transparency, as well as the pressure that has led to the extension of the boundaries and projected the utility of the corporate policies to safeguard the reputation of corporate and have a leading hand on the competitive advantage. Moreover, threat, as well as opportunity has been involved because there are numerous categories of environmental, social and other issues relating to the economy. Therefore, the role of accountancy comes to the forefront because the policies can be developed by them and the issues can be addressed in a positive manner. Further, the business risks can be managed in a proper manner. As a matter of fact, sustainability management is the need of the hour because it projects the response of an organization in terms of sustainability issues. It involves the process of maintenance and long-term involvement of capital that focus on the overall influence of the organization and wealth. Environment al performance is directly associated with the natural capital that is the resources of nature and the method undertaken by the management in delivering the goods, as well as services (Slaper Slaper, 2011). Further, social performance projects the influence of an organization on human, as well as social capital where human capital consists of health, skills, motivation and social capital can be tagged as the value provided by the links of human, associations, and cooperation (Pyo Lee, 2013). Accountancy and sustainable development The profession of accountancy has always connected with the variation in the market and the shift traced in the expectation of the people. Sustainability provides opportunities that are rarely surprising in nature and in the past year's accountancy have become associated in providing valuable feedback, as well as assurance services that are related to the performance of sustainability and reporting (Hegarty et. al, 2014). Beyond question, accountants are at home with the process of sustainability and maintenance of capital. They have mingled with the concept of income, as well as capital, and hence more relevant to sustainability. In 2003, the IAASB circulated the International Framework for Assurance Engagements, as well as ISAE 3000. Such standards provide a number of principles that will have a strong influence on the assurance standard in terms of sustainability reporting. There has been a sharp increment in the accounting academics and that has contributed to the research in sustainability accounting. The increment in the number of accountants over a period of time has led to a strong momentum and has done immense change in the concept of sustainability. This is the sole reason that there has been enhanced the level of transparency along with proper disclosure. Moreover, organizations are taking the concept of sustainability in a serious manner and this is done by the accountants. Therefore, accountancy has ensured that the work is smooth and the method remains undisturbed. This has reduced the business risk to a considerable extent. The process of benchmarking has led to the timely presentation of information. Accountants have a major role when it comes to benchmarking by giving reliable data in a proper manner. The presence of accountant ensures that the compliance is meet in an effective manner and that the data are procured easily. Integrated reporting in Australia Recent corporate scandals all over the world have depicted that management of ESG (Environmental, Social, and Governance) issues of a company can posses a significant influence on its financial performance, thereby ultimately affecting shareholder value. Integrated reporting thus surpasses the traditional period and integrates both financial and non-financial information in order to provide meaningful information to the stakeholders about the organizations performance. The IIRC (International Integrated Reporting Council) has effectively initiated an integrated framework for companies that assist them in communicating the information expected by their stakeholders. In relation to Australia, international advisory firms like Deloitte, PwC, etc have all given due recognition to the concept of integrated reporting after identifying the importance of non-financial information into their key businesses. They have started believing that an integrated organization possesses an integrated policy and vision, integrated policy towards performance and operations, and releasing such reports can disclose both financial and non-financial influences of material risks. Most companies of Australia have concluded to the fact that the concept of integrated reporting is important because it facilitates in a two-way mechanism, that is it addresses the major inefficacies prevalent in the present reporting framework and it also seeks to illustrate how they can manage material financial and non-financial information, and reliance on them (Carol et. al, 2016). Embedding such information offers an indication not only to the staff but also, to the external shareholders t hat these issues prevail at the heart of the companys mission, thereby enhancing their level of confidence in the company. Whilst in Australia, there are guidelines that govern how and when companies must disclose financial information, it is not compulsory for ASX companies to disclose non-financial details publicly. However, taking into account the importance and relevance of integrated reporting, evidence of increasing requirements for disclosure of non-financial information has been observed (Carol et. al, 2016). This is because everyone encountered with an integrated reporting strategy can attain a broader viewpoint of the companys impact as it accommodates parameters and details that surpass normal financial details, thereby revealing valuable opportunities for value increment even from unanticipated aspects. Furthermore, taking into consideration the present marketplace of Australia, there are various groups of stakeholders like customers and investors that are in the procedure of learning about the enhanced value of assessing the performance of companies in a more comprehensive way (KMPG, 2016). Therefore, for these and other groups of people, there exists a scenario for increasing awareness and advocating them about the significance of assessing the performance of companies from other business-influencing viewpoints too. In such a case, integrated reporting can prove to be very relevant as an initiation for further information about their challenges and mission. Furthermore, whilst such enhanced awareness is one major importance of integrated reporting, this must result in enhanced business value too. A loop of management that reports business-influencing information in a wider way can form a basis for improved or developed performance management (Druckman, 2013). In other words, innovation and learning can assist in improving the performance of comp anies, taking into account their reported information together with a model that pursues a potential to reward the management for their contribution to enhanced stakeholder value. This can also influence the long-term health of companies that is a very good advantage. Integrated reporting represents recent developments in a list of reporting initiatives by companies that include CSR, traditional reports, sustainable development report, and health, safety, and environment reports (IR, 2016). Importance of integrated reporting in Australia With the due passage of time, integrated reporting in Australia has emerged in the context of higher investor scrutiny about the value creation procedures of companies together with an innovative appreciation of the risks of governance related to sustainability. It provides a concise and simpler representation of how companies illustrate stewardship, and how it generates and manages value (Samaha Dahaway, 2010). Furthermore, as per the ICAA (Institute of Chartered Accountants in Australia), the concept of integrated reporting also necessitates the engagement of finance teams and CFOs (Chief Financial Officer). These organizational participants were not conventionally present in enlarged voluntary reporting initiatives. In addition, no other reporting framework can accommodate the works of the World Resources Institute, (GRI) Global Reporting Initiative, UN Global Compact, and the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (Jorgensen Soderstorm, 2012). Therefore, informed de cisions about both present and future company performance can only be attained through the concept of integrated reporting. Conclusion The report provides a clear cut indication of the activities that is related to sustainability and the manner in which the development is done. It is done to enhance the awareness of accountants, as well as provide an answer to the sustainability issues. Accountants that are qualified enable a strong movement and helps in providing back up to the members in the field of sustainability. This has led to a significant movement in the small and big firms. Therefore, there has been a massive change in the process of sustainability. Further, the concept of integrated reporting has become famous as it leads to a strong organization with a strong disclosure in terms of financial, as well as non-financial influences in terms of material risks (Eccles Krzus, 2010). Hence, the concept of integrated reporting is bound to receive further heights with the due passage of time. In short, integrated reporting and sustainability is the special attraction that strikes a harmony between the performance and result. Reference Carol, A.A, Brad, P, Prakash J. S, Jodi Y 2016, Exploring the implications of integrated reporting for social investment (disclosures), The British Accounting Review, vol. 48, no. 3, pp. 283296 Druckman, P 2013, Integrate reporting framework aims to promote lasting sustainable change, viewed 24 October 2016, Eccles, R.G. Krzus, M. 2010, One Report: Integrated Reporting for a Sustainable Strategy, Wiley, New Jersey, USA. Hegarty, J., Gielen, F., Barros, A 2014, The implementation of international accounting and auditing standards: Lessons learned from the World Bank's Accounting and Auditing ROSC Program: The World Bank. Integrated reporting (IR) 2016, What? The tool for better reporting, viewed 24 October 2016, Jorgensen, B Soderstrom, N 2012, Environmental disclosure within legal and accounting contexts: An international perspective, University of Melbourne working paper. KMPG 2016, Performance insight through Better Business Reporting, viewed 24 October 2016, Pyo, G., Lee, H 2013, The association between corporate social responsibility activities and earnings quality: Evidence from donations and voluntary issuance of CSR reports,The Journal of Applied Business Research, vol. 29, no. 3, pp. 945960. Samaha, K. Dahaway, K 2010, Factory influencing corporate disclosure transparency, in the active share trading firms: An Explanatory study, Research in Emerging Economies, vol. 10, pp. 87-118. Slaper, T. F., Hall, T. J. 2011, The Triple Bottom Line: What Is It and How Does It Work? Indiana Business Review. vol. 86, no. 1, pp. 6-10

Tuesday, December 3, 2019

The Gender Gap Essay Research Paper Since free essay sample

The Gender Gap Essay, Research Paper Since clip began work forces and adult females merely have non understood each other. We are motivated by different things and have rather different demands. It # 8217 ; s got nil to make with whether or non we are # 8216 ; equal # 8217 ; # 8211 ; we merely communicate in different ways.With so many adult females now in senior places and running successful companies the demand to understand the gender differences in concern communicating has become indispensable # 8211 ; for both work forces and women.While a host of popular books in recent times have helped us to understand each other in personal relationships, really small has been written to separate the differences in concern circles.Discussing the issue over dinner late it was interesting to hear some of the defeats expressed by CEO # 8217 ; s about their senior female executives.The pull offing manager of a big nutrient importer was kicking that his senior adult females have a inclination to come into his office, # 8216 ; dump # 8217 ; all their jobs and go forth. We will write a custom essay sample on The Gender Gap Essay Research Paper Since or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Frustrated he says # 8211 ; # 8220 ; I pay them to work out jobs, non give them back to me # 8221 ; .This is a typical illustration of the different manner work forces and adult females operate. The adult female is merely discoursing the issues with him. She knows she needs to happen the replies but speaking about it helps her work out the solutions.Meanwhile he has moved directly into solution manner. # 8220 ; Once I # 8217 ; m told about a job I have to work out it # 8221 ; . The consequence is he # 8217 ; s feeling defeated because he now thinks he # 8217 ; s got to make her occupation. She # 8217 ; s feeling frustrated because she thinks he is taking away her responsibility.Status V RelationshipSo what are the differences? By and large talking ( and of class there are ever exclusions ) work forces use linguistic communication to continue their independency and keep their place in the group ; adult females use linguistic communication to make connexion and intimacy.Next clip you are in a assorted concern meeting notice the dynamics.Basically there seems to be two manners. The Information Style and the Relationship Style.The Information Style is frequently, but non ever, associated with work forces. Talk is chiefly a agencies to continue independency and negotiate and keep status.The Relationship Style is frequently, but non ever, associated with adult females. Conversation is chiefly a linguistic communication of rapp ort: a way of establishing connections and negotiating relationships.Differences in the WorkplaceThink about the different styles of approach when a male and female manager are asked to make a decision. In traditional circumstances the following may seem the norm.The woman will tend to discuss it with others, seek their input and feedback before making a recommendation to senior management. She thinks it is important that everyone feels they have contributed to the decision and therefore are more likely to support it.In contrast the man usually makes the decision, with discreet consultation, and makes the recommendation. He believes that actively seeking input takes away from his position. He’s in charge so he needs to make the decision.Because of this it is likely that he will think that she can not make a decision on her own, and needs to check with others first.Very different approaches for very different reasons. The females first priority is relationship. The males is s tatus.Body LanguageEven in body language, men and women can give off different signals.A female colleague, who is a director at a large financial company, expressed it well recently. She recalled a meeting of senior executives that morning, half men and half women.†To my horror I noticed that all the women were nodding and saying things like â€Å"yes†, â€Å"O.K.†, â€Å"I understand†, while the men just sat straight faced and wrote the occasional note,† she said.†The men were totally focused on the task at hand. The women were working hard to relate to the speaker rather than focusing on what he was actually saying†.Women nodding during a conversation usually means ‘I understand what you are saying’. Men nodding in a discussion usually means ‘I agree with you’. Often problems arise when a man misinterprets a woman’s automatic rapport-building nodding, as meaning that she’s in agreement – wh en in fact she may not be.Avoiding Communication ClashesUnderstanding the gender differences in business communication makes for a more productive, harmonious workplace. People communicate in different ways. Another style is not wrong – it’s just different! Both men and women can profit enormously by learning to understand the differences between them.

Wednesday, November 27, 2019

Free Essays on Aristotle Vs. Plato

Introduction The Chinese revolution of 1949 was one of the most momentous events of this century. The old order, dominated by warlords, police terror and the rivalries of Western and Japanese imperialists, was overthrown by a millions-strong peasant army. For a quarter of the human race, the way seemed open to eradicate the roots of poverty, misery and famine, and build a better society. â€Å"The Chinese people have stood up†, declared Mao Zedong at the official founding of People’s China – and millions around the world believed him. The impact of the Chinese experience was to be even stronger in the political explosion of the late 1960s. As students and workers across the industrialised world moved into battle against their ruling classes, many socialists looked to China for inspiration. Mao’s opposition to both American and Russian imperialism, and his declared support for national liberation movements, seemed to put him on their side of the barricades. And the Cultural Revolution seemed proof that a socialist society could save itself from bureaucracy through a constant process of struggle. Few socialists today look to China for inspiration. The illusions of â€Å"Maoism† have been shattered by Mao’s successors, who have systematically ditched everything that was distinctive about Mao’s strategy for economic development. â€Å"Self-reliance† has gone, to be replaced by â€Å"market socialism†. The Cultural Revolution is now – rightly – described as a major disaster. And China’s new rulers have admitted that the economy can only be modernised by its integration into the world economy. China has become part of the world system it once seemed to want to overthrow. Yet at bottom Mao and his successors shared the same aim – to build a powerful economy which could compete with the rest of the world. The needs and aspirations of Chinese workers and peasants have always been subordinated to that aim. The â€Å"socialist... Free Essays on Aristotle Vs. Plato Free Essays on Aristotle Vs. Plato Introduction The Chinese revolution of 1949 was one of the most momentous events of this century. The old order, dominated by warlords, police terror and the rivalries of Western and Japanese imperialists, was overthrown by a millions-strong peasant army. For a quarter of the human race, the way seemed open to eradicate the roots of poverty, misery and famine, and build a better society. â€Å"The Chinese people have stood up†, declared Mao Zedong at the official founding of People’s China – and millions around the world believed him. The impact of the Chinese experience was to be even stronger in the political explosion of the late 1960s. As students and workers across the industrialised world moved into battle against their ruling classes, many socialists looked to China for inspiration. Mao’s opposition to both American and Russian imperialism, and his declared support for national liberation movements, seemed to put him on their side of the barricades. And the Cultural Revolution seemed proof that a socialist society could save itself from bureaucracy through a constant process of struggle. Few socialists today look to China for inspiration. The illusions of â€Å"Maoism† have been shattered by Mao’s successors, who have systematically ditched everything that was distinctive about Mao’s strategy for economic development. â€Å"Self-reliance† has gone, to be replaced by â€Å"market socialism†. The Cultural Revolution is now – rightly – described as a major disaster. And China’s new rulers have admitted that the economy can only be modernised by its integration into the world economy. China has become part of the world system it once seemed to want to overthrow. Yet at bottom Mao and his successors shared the same aim – to build a powerful economy which could compete with the rest of the world. The needs and aspirations of Chinese workers and peasants have always been subordinated to that aim. The â€Å"socialist...